Vienna – European Capital of Music and LuxuryIn this city, everyone will find a highlight. Therefore, we will briefly familiarize ourselves with its history and draw up a “waybill”.
Geographical position of Vienna
Vienna is located in the east of Austria. The Danube flowing in the city limits with its sleeve and the foot of the Alps in the suburbs only add charm to the city. Add here the famous Vienna Forest, a small river of the same name, and it will become clear why there are many tourists.
The region where Vienna is located borders with Slovakia – only 60 km to Bratislava, and even less to the border. If we talk about the landscape, then the average difference in height (387 meters between the lowest and highest points) is noted in the city itself, which is convenient for tourists.
Modern Vienna is 23 districts, of which the most interesting are the old: such as Innerstadt or Landstrasse.
History of Vienna
As a village, the future Austrian capital appeared at the beginning of our era, when the Romans built an outpost for one of their legions. In the Middle Ages, the developing city became popular with nobility, and from the end of the 12th century it completely became a “tribal nest” of the Harsburg dynasty monarch.
The heyday alternated with war years – Vienna was repeatedly besieged by the Turks, and in 1529 its defenders were able to defend the city, which was a tangible blow for the enemy. And a century and a half later (in 1683), under the city walls, the troops of the Catholic countries inflicted a severe defeat on the Ottoman Empire, forcing it to abandon the campaigns altogether.
Further history of Vienna actually “made her face.” The heyday of the Habsburg empire, the development of art and science left a legacy in the form of palaces, parks, cathedrals.The revolution of 1848 did not harm the city, which cannot be said about the beginning of the twentieth century. Then Austria-Hungary fell, and the imperial center lost its significance.
During World War II, Vienna suffered from Allied bombing, and post-war reconstruction took 15 years. The municipality was able to preserve the charm of the old areas, which were restored in the 1970-1980s.
Vienna Weather and Climate
Our tourists easily get used to the Austrian climate. In recent years, the summer here has become hotter (it reaches +36), but the midday sun is replaced by cool, and the average monthly figure on the column does not exceed + 20 ° С. The proximity of the forest and the river help fight heat.
Spring is usually not interesting for experienced tourists. You can understand them – in March and April the weather is very changeable, but mostly warm. The usual autumn with colds comes to Vienna at the end of November, so September is a great time for the tour.Winters in this region are mild: the temperature of -20 ° С has been here only once for the last 35 years. The average January is + 1 ° С.
Rains happen infrequently, but clouds are frequent guests: the proximity of the Alps affects.
The main attractions of Vienna
Vienna, like its description, is unthinkable without architectural delights and many museums.
From the heritage of architects of old times, be sure to look at such places:
Local Opera. Interestingly, all the performances are divided into groups, depending on the complexity for the average audience. True, the queues for this temple of culture are commonplace.
Palace of Emperor Hofburg. This luxurious complex has more than two and a half thousand rooms and halls. Each of the monarchs was building a courtyard to existing buildings.
St. Charles Cathedral, built after the plague. The construction lasted 20 years. Charles VI began it, making a vow to his heavenly patron saint. Carlo Borromeo, and his son Joseph was finishing.
Scottish Cathedral. Divine services are conducted by Benedictine monks. The cathedral was rebuilt several times, and in the XVII century it even burned due to lightning falling into it.
Votivkirche. The temple in strict Gothic style stands out for its height (99 meters).
St. Stephen’s Cathedral, whose 136-meter tower rises above the center. The original version was built in the XII century, and the building got its current form at the beginning of the XVI century. Restoration of some elements continues to this day – immediately after the war, the cathedral was damaged by looters.
The residence of Emperor Schoenburn, which is 5 km from the center. This is a beautiful park with palaces, statues and fountains. The zoo located on its territory is the oldest in the world.
City Hall. Lightness is given to this building by more than two thousand windows. In addition to meetings of the municipality, various events for tourists are held there daily, from excursions to concert programs;
This is just a small list of what Vienna is rich in and what it is famous for. All these and many other wonders of architecture are in harmony with the streets of the Old Town, which in themselves are memorials.
This applies primarily to the following streets:
Cathedral Square (Stefanplatz). This is the very center, the “heart” of the capital, where a lot of Viennese architecture is concentrated, and the carriage of horse-drawn carriages only adds color.
Ringstrasse. The street seemed to ring the central area – convenient for tourists. It is laid in the place where the city walls previously stood.
Freyung. The old square is densely built up with palaces of different eras, and each of them has a rich history .;
Geldenplatz. Here are two bronze statues depicting Prince Eugene of Savoy and Archduke Charles. These figures are already a century and a half.
Having set out to learn all about Vienna, you will have to study city museums. It is unlikely to get around everything, so we list the most interesting ones:
- Mozart’s House on Domgass 5. The composer lived in these apartments for three years. The uniqueness is that it is the only one of his havens that has survived to this day.
- The treasury of the Hofburg castle, in which there are real imperial kleinoda. This is part of the residence, which also includes royal chambers.
- Belvedere Gallery, located in the castle of the same name. Among the works presented there are many paintings by Gustav Klimt.
- Museum of Natural History, where you can see the skeleton of a dinosaur. Some of the exhibits previously belonged to the augusts.
- Technical Museum, opened in the time of the Habsburgs. You can see not only a collection of antique musical instruments, but also cars of past years;
- Transport Museum, designed for fans of buses and the subway. Having visited it, you can immediately imagine how and on what the townspeople moved around the capital in the last century.
- Kaisergruft. This is the imperial crypt where the monarchs from the Habsburg dynasty rest.
It is impossible to describe all the worthy places of the city – they are at every step, so we limited ourselves to the most popular.
Vienna is unthinkable without its parks – there is a lot of greenery here, even grapes are grown, which is rare for the capital. Municipal Park and Belvedere are also worth adding to the tour program. Walking around the Belvedere, you can go to any of the two palaces in which the museums are located.
Other types of entertainment
In addition to the rich past captured in buildings and temples, Vienna offers tourist and modern forms of pastime.
On the outskirts of Kalenberg there is a huge cable park, which is replete with airways and tree stands. There are separate “routes” for children, which are located no higher than 1 m. You can get there any day from 10 in the morning. You don’t have to worry about safety – a briefing is required before a walk.
In summer, the indoor ice rink in Stadthall is open, but getting there is problematic – it is open only on Tuesdays for four hours. The winter ice rink in front of the town hall opens in mid-January, and the schedule there is more loyal: from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.
For family holidays, Prater Park with its attractions is suitable. In the evening, they are highlighted, and even one circle on the Ferris wheel will leave a vivid impression. However, in the summer there may be lines.
An active person will benefit from a car tour – a trip around the city in a small “hot rod” with accompanying people. So you can feel the whole rhythm of the city, because the tour takes place on ordinary roads.
There is also a large number of bike tours – from power excursions to extreme mountain bikes. The climate of Vienna allows you to practice such a rest most of the year.
Night life in Vienna
Despite some stiffness, the Austrian capital is rich in all kinds of clubs. There are many of them, and they are designed for any wallet. Pricing, as elsewhere, is determined by location.
The Beverly Hills Club in Seilerstatt is considered the most famous – this is the center, and prices are high. You will have to pay 9 euros for entry. The interior of the club is gorgeous, the atmosphere is saturated with drive and dancing. The institution is open until 5 in the morning.
You can also get into this club by a flyer – if available, you need to pay only 3 euros. Otherwise, nightly entertainment in Vienna is not too different from similar events in other countries, but safety is higher.
For a more relaxing stay, you can recommend Jazzland, the local Hard Rock café, the Irish pub Bockshorn and a wine storage. For lovers of beautiful views, “Onyx Bar” is suitable, and connoisseurs of a foamy drink will be delighted with the menu of the “Kolar” bar.
Vienna city transport system and car rental
The population of Vienna with its suburbs is more than 2.5 million people, so the transport here is represented in large numbers.
The city has a huge number of trams and buses, as well as a metro with 5 lines. The system of single tickets that are sold in vending machines works. A daily subscription will cost 7.60 euros, and for two days they pay 13.30 euros. One week ticket costs 16.20 euros.One-time tickets cost 2.20 euros: according to them, you can travel with a change in the city, but without a long break.
Bus tickets are bought from the driver, while trams are equipped with machines accepting small things. A tempting moment for some is that there are no turnstiles in the metro, although you still have to compost the ticket, as the controllers work there.
The city train goes out of town, and the price there is different.
All city transport does not go after 23:30 (the exception is the metro, which runs another hour).
When renting a car, you need rights (preferably an international standard), a passport, insurance and a bank account. There are also requirements for the age of the driver – rental cars have been available since 21, and the most prestigious models have only 25.
When signing the contract, make sure that the points about CDW, 3rd and party liability appear there – these are analogues of our CASCO and CTP. Be sure to be prescribed and insurance against theft (theft Waiver).
A Skoda Fabia with a manual gearbox will cost from 45 euros, for a Volkswagen Golf they will ask for at least 60 euros per day. Minivan will cost at least 70 euros, while a sports car – about 170 euros.
With long-term leases, the daily payment is reduced. Rental companies like Hertz, Megadrive and Europcar regularly hold promotions that can be found on their websites.
Hotels in Vienna
With an overnight stay, if you reserve in advance, there are no problems. All hotels in the city can be divided into the following groups:
affordable (from 55 euros / day) are scattered throughout Vienna, located in the center can be busy, especially in summer. Numbers – from double to designed for six;
- middle class (from 80-85 euros). It is more convenient here, the room can be stylized “antique”;
- luxury (from 150 euros).
Apartments are often offered by mini-hotels. The cost of good housing for two per day is 110-120 euros. Breakfast is already included in this amount. To check in, you need to book a suitable option in advance.
As for apartments, their prices start at 40 euros.
Real estate here is traditionally expensive, and for long-term rents you need to have several backup options – in summer, tourists can “kill” the price set by the owner. If we talk about hostels, then you can meet the 20 euros – this is the price for a place near the station.
What to bring as a gift from Vienna: shopping
For lovers of shopping, it’s just a paradise, so the question of what to buy in Vienna would be good to decide before the trip.
The most famous “brand” of the city can be called Mozart: the composer leads in the number of souvenirs and goods with his image.
In order not to miscalculate, it is better to opt for the same liquor and sweets. They may seem expensive, but cheaper ones are most likely fake.
Here is a short list of gifts that can be brought from the Vienna tour:
- pralines with flower petals (2.5-3 euros);
- Sacher cake manufactured by Demell;
- Giusto coffee (15 euros).
Among the souvenirs, one can distinguish Rieder wine glasses.
Wine glasses – a great souvenir from the capital of Austria
The famous Vienna porcelain of the Augarten manufactory stands apart – for 30 euros you can buy a small vase or an animal figurine. A good souvenir will also be a plate or cup, painted based on paintings by Klimt.
Glassware of the Lobmeier brand is another city card. For example, you can buy an imperial coffee machine: this openwork product is pleasing to the eye, but it also costs a lot (from 170 euros).
The products described are typical Viennese, but everyone can choose something that suits their interests. There are many boutiques and antique shops in Vienna.
Vienna Restaurants: Cafes and Restaurants
For gourmets here is expanse: Vienna restaurants will please anyone. The traditional metropolitan menu includes such dishes:
- Wiener Schnitzel;
- roast beef with onions;
- Viennese chicken;
- local goulash;
- sausages according to a special recipe;
- boishel (offal stew).
It turns out that a week is barely enough to get acquainted with the kitchen. If the choice is made in favor of a meat dish, be sure to check the serving size – this is indicated on the menu.
The largest schnitzels are served at the Figmuller Restaurant. This is an institution of the middle price category, where lunch costs about 20 euros. There are budget cafes, but they rarely give the opportunity to feel the culinary flavor, offering standard dishes.
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